Knee Arthritis

What is knee arthritis?

Arthritis refers to inflammation of a joint. Any joint in the body can be affected by arthritis, but it is most commonly seen in the knee.

There are different types and causes of knee arthritis, such as:

  • osteoarthritis
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • other inflammatory arthritis including gout, seronegative, psoriatic
  • infectious arthritis
  • fibromyalgia (change of order)
  • birth defects leading to arthritis

What are the symptoms of knee arthritis?

Common symptoms of knee arthritis include:

  • knee joint pain
  • knee joint swelling
  • stiffness of the knees, especially when you get out of bed and after sitting for a while
  • a grinding or crunching feeling (or sound) in your knees when you move
  • restricted range of knee movement

What does your doctor look for?

Your doctor will take your medical history to look for clues that help make a diagnosis (eg previous injury). You will also have a physical examination that will include an assessment of how your knees move and function.

What investigations are needed?

Your doctor will require a recent x-ray of your knee joints. Common abnormalities seen with knee arthritis on x-ray are joint narrowing and bone spurs at the edges of the joint.

How is knee arthritis treated?

Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are several treatment options. All have the same goals – to control pain and improve the function of the knee joints so that you can move better and get on with everyday living.

Treatments include:

  • non-drug therapy (eg physiotherapy, exercises, joint care programs, knee taping, use of a walking stick, acupuncture)
  • medications (eg anti-inflammatories)
  • injections
  • surgery (eg arthroscopy, knee replacement)

Our specialists at Orthopaedic Clinics Gold Coast will work with you to create the best treatment plan for your particular situation.